Direkt från COP20, Lima: The Global Landscape Forum: the future of forest management?
Right now in Lima experts, civil society, practitioners and decision-maker gather to discuss solution to climate change at the UNFCCCs COP20. On December 6-7th. Lima also hosed the 2nd Global Landscape Forum (GLF), which was a two day forum where issues concerning landscapes, development and climate change were discussed. The GLF is held in connection with the COP and is a merger between the previous Forest Day and Agriculture Day. The year forum was structured around four themes (www.landscapes.org):
- The implementation of integrated landscapes approaches
- Forests, agriculture, mountains and land use in the new climate regime
- Landscapes and the green economy
- Landscapes and the post-2015 development agenda
The GLF was held at the Westin Hotel in Lima - a hotel were several of the high-level delegates and also the World Bank were located during the COP. The GLF itself was attended by more than 1,700 people from 90 countries, and included a packed two day program, starting at eight in the morning and ended nine in the evening. The program consisted of a large number of sessions, each under one of the four themes. The speakers included, among others, heads of the FAO, UNDP, World Bank as well as ministers from Peru, Mexico, Paraguay, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Indonesia (see http://www.landscapes.org/glf-2014/program/speakers/). Both the number of attendees and the list of speakers gives an indication of the level of attention that GLF receives. To view some of the session visit www.landscapes.org.
Integrated landscape approach
Integrated landscape approach is one of the key concepts that the GLF promote. There is still great variation in what the exact definition of this is. At one panel I attended, Terry Sunderland, principle scientist for Center for International Forest Research (CIFOR), quoted a report that had found 78 different terms that could be included in the integrated landscape approach. Talking with him after the session he told me that he believes that this is not necessarily a weakness of the landscape approach, but allows for a wide range of stakeholders to feel included in the this approach. Although, others I talked to were more frustrated at the GLF, as they found the the sessions in general to be too abstract and failed to give a clear and more concrete answer to what the integrated landscape approach is and importantly how to implement it.
The GLF also provides a great networking opportunity. One has a chance to see, listen to and meet some of the biggest names working with forest, agriculture and land use in relation to climate change. One event not too miss out on is the closing reception where several of the attendees stay on after the GLF sessions have ended and continue to discuss the landscape and other issues over a beer, or in this case a ‘pisco’ (Peruvian version of snaps).
The Lima COP20 is the final rehearsal before the deadline in Paris next year where all parties have to agree on a common framework for the 2020 climate regime. As for the integrated landscape approach and GLF, I predict that that discussion of what it is, how to operationalize it, and how it fits within the overall climate convention will be a continued to be a key debate in years to come.
Tobias Dan Nielsen är doktorand på Statsvetenskapliga institutionen på Lunds universitet och BECC forskare